|Literary Character & Emotion
The Qur'an was revealed over a 23 year period. During this period the Prophet Muhammad experienced many turbulent events such as oppression, loss, hunger, boycott, aggression and humiliation. What is unique about the literary character of the Qur'anic text is that it, in the context of emotion and expression, does not reflect any of these events and negative experiences. The Qur'an maintains its unique expression with regards to the force, beauty, emotion and eloquence of its language. In light of this fact, how can anyone suggest that the Qur'an was authored by the Prophet Muhammad. Are there any examples in literature where one man can experience so much chaos and for it not to be reflected in his literary character and style? To suggest that there is an example of such a work is absurd as it is almost impossible from a psychological and literary point of view.
"When we consider carefully the timing of the revelation of the Qur'anic passages and surahs and their arrangement, we are profoundly astonished. We almost belie what we see and hear. We then begin to ask ourselves for an explanation of this highly improbable phenomenon: is it not true that this new passage of revelation has just been heard as new, addressing a particular event which is its only concern? Yet it sounds as though it is neither new nor separate from the rest. It seems as if it has been, along with the rest of the Qur'an, perfectly impressed on this man's mind long before he has recited it to us. It has been fully engraved on his heart before its composition in the words he recites. How else can it unite so perfectly and harmoniously parts and pieces that do not naturally come together?… Is it as result of an experiment that follows a spontaneous thought? That could not be the case. When each part was put in its position, the one who placed them never had a new thought or introduced any modification or re-arrangement. How then could he have determined his plan? And how could he have made his intention so clear in advance?... When we consider such detailed instructions on the arrangement of passages and Surahs we are bound to conclude that there is a complete and detailed plan assigning the position of each passage before they are all revealed. Indeed the arrangement is made before the reasons leading to the revelation of any passage occur, and even before the start of the preliminary causes of such events… Such are the plain facts about the arrangement of the Qur'an as it was revealed in separate verses, passages and surahs over a period of 23 years. What does that tell us about its source?"
|The Arrangement of the Qur'an
"...Arbuthnot explains in his book “The Construction of the Bible and the Koran” this effect of the Qur’anic style:
'It is confessedly the standard of the Arabic tongue... The style of the Koran is generally beautiful and fluent... and in many places, especially where the majesty and attributes of God are described, sublime and magnificent … He succeeded so well, and so strangely captivated the minds of his audience, that several of his opponents thought it the effect of witchcraft and enchantment.'
The aesthetic reception of the Qur’an is not a literary device as such, but it is a manifestation of its literary beauty on the human psyche. This aesthetic element may seem subjective but it highlights all the other objective literary structures and places them in the context of life, experience and humanity; thus making the Qur’an real..."
The Qur'an's impact on the individual and global politics has been unparalled. Any Arabic text, past or present, has not achieved what the Qur'an has achieved with regards to its aesthetic recepetion.